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While the indicators presented in previous sections are representative of the United States population as a whole, the following section presents data at the State level. Geographic differences in health status and health care utilization play an important role in tailoring health programs and interventions to specific populations. Included are data regarding infant, neonatal, and perinatal mortality, low birth weight, preterm birth, health care financing, Medicaid enrollment and expenditures, and CHIP enrollment.
This section reveals important disparities in these measures across States. For instance, the proportion of infants born at low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams or 5 pounds 8 ounces) was highest in the District of Columbia and several southern States, including Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina. With the exception of Alabama, births to unmarried women were also highest in these states, as well as in Delaware and New Mexico.
All of these issues have geographic program and policy implications, and State and local leaders can use this information to better serve their maternal and child populations in need.
The topics in this section include: