International Infant Mortality
In 2005, the United States infant mortality rate ranked below that of many other industrialized nations, with a rate of 6.9 deaths per 1,000 live births. This represents a slight increase from the rate of 6.8 per 1,000 in 2004, but is still considerably less than the rate of 26.0 per 1,000 reported in 1960.
Differences in infant mortality rates among industrialized nations may reflect disparities in the health status of women before and during pregnancy, as well as the quality and accessibility of primary care for pregnant women and infants. However, some of these differences may be due, in part, to the international variation in the definition, reporting, and measurement of infant mortality.
In 2005, the U.S. infant mortality rate was more than twice that of seven other industrialized countries, including Singapore, Hong Kong, Sweden, Japan, Finland, Norway, and the Czech Republic. Singapore had the lowest rate (2.1 per 1,000), followed by Hong Kong and Sweden (2.4 per 1,000).