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Infant Mortality

Narrative

In 2007, 6,583 infants born to residents of cities in the United States with populations over 250,000 died in the first year of life. The infant mortality rate in U.S. cities was 7.2 deaths per 1,000 live births, which was higher than the rate for the Nation as a whole (6.8 per 1,000). Although the infant mortality rate in cities has consistently been higher than the rate nationwide, it declined over the past decade, and the disparity in infant mortality rates between infants in cities and the Nation as a whole decreased by 50 percent. Between 1990 and 2007, the infant mortality rate in cities declined by one-third, while the nationwide decline during the same period was approximately 25 percent. Declines in infant mortality rates since 2000, however, have been relatively small for both cities and the population as a whole.

Graphs

This image is described in the Data section.

infant mortality rates in U.S. cities

Data

Infant Mortality Rates in U.S. Cities,* 1990−2007

Rate per 1,000 live births:

  • For Total U.S. cities fell from approximately 11.0 to 7.2
  • For Total U.S. population fell from approximately 9.1 to 6.8

*Data for 1990–2002 were for cities with populations over 100,000; data after 2002 reflect cities with populations over 250,000.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System. Unpublished data.


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