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Birth Outcomes

Table

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Low birth weight, preterm births and unmarried women births table

Data

Low Birth Weight, Preterm Birth, and Births to Unmarried Women (Percent), by State and Maternal Race/Ethnicity, 2008
State Low Birth Weight* Preterm Birth** Births to Unmarried Women
Total Non- Hispanic White Non- Hispanic Black Hispanic Total Non- Hispanic White Non- Hispanic Black Hispanic Total Non- Hispanic White Non- Hispanic Black Hispanic
*Low birth weight is less than 2,500 grams or 5 pounds 8 ounces.
** Preterm birth is less than 37 completed weeks of gestation.
N/A = Figure does not meet standards of reliability or precision; based on fewer than 20 births in the numerator.
Source: Kogan MD, Newacheck PW, Blumberg SJ, Ghandour RM, Singh GK, Strickland BB, van Dyck PC. Underinsurance among children in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 26;363(9):841-51.
United States 8.2 7.2 13.7 13.7 12.3 11.1 17.5 12.1 40.6 28.7 72.3 72.3
Alabama 10.6 8.4 15.8 15.8 15.7 13.6 20.5 14.2 39.9 25.6 72.9 72.9
Alaska 6.0 5.0 11.9 11.9 10.3 8.5 13.8 12.3 37.6 24.3 47.1 47.1
Arizona 7.1 6.8 11.8 11.8 12.9 11.8 18.3 13.3 45.3 29.7 62.8 62.8
Arkansas 9.2 8.0 15.1 15.1 13.5 12.2 18.9 12.1 44.6 33.8 80.3 80.3
California 6.8 6.4 12.1 12.1 10.5 9.6 14.8 10.6 40.2 24.1 68.0 68.0
Colorado 8.9 8.5 14.8 14.8 11.4 10.7 15.6 12.0 24.9 17.5 49.3 49.3
Connecticut 8.0 6.6 13.6 13.6 10.4 9.4 14.6 10.6 36.4 22.1 69.8 69.8
Delaware 8.5 7.0 12.6 12.6 12.9 11.1 16.4 13.8 48.0 34.3 72.7 72.7
DC 10.5 6.8 13.7 13.7 15.5 9.7 19.3 12.6 57.8 7.0 79.1 79.1
Florida 8.8 7.5 13.5 13.5 13.8 11.8 18.9 13.4 46.9 35.3 69.9 69.9
Georgia 9.6 7.6 13.8 13.8 13.4 12.0 16.8 10.9 45.4 26.9 70.2 70.2
Hawaii 8.1 6.4 1.07 1.07 12.8 10.1 10.1 14.5 37.9 25.9 29.7 29.7
Idaho 6.5 6.2 N/A N/A 9.8 9.1 13.6 12.3 25.3 21.0 37.7 37.7
Illinois 8.4 7.3 13.8 13.8 12.7 11.6 17.7 11.9 40.7 25.9 79.8 79.8
Indiana 8.3 7.7 14.1 14.1 12.4 11.6 18.0 12.5 43.3 36.8 79.5 79.5
Iowa 6.6 6.3 11.9 11.9 11.5 11.0 17.5 12.8 35.2 31.6 77.1 77.1
Kansas 7.2 6.8 12.4 12.4 11.2 10.6 10.6 15.7 37.8 31.1 74.6 74.6
Kentucky 9.2 8.7 15.0 15.0 14.0 13.6 13.6 19.2 40.7 36.5 76.7 76.7
Louisiana 10.8 8.0 15.1 15.1 15.4 12.4 12.4 20.0 53.0 34.2 79.4 79.4
Maine 6.7 6.6 9.7 9.7 10.3 10.2 10.2 12.2 39.7 39.9 31.7 31.7
Maryland 9.2 7.2 13.1 13.1 13.0 10.8 10.8 16.7 42.4 26.7 64.2 64.2
Massachusetts 7.8 7.1 11.1 11.1 10.8 10.2 10.2 13.6 34.0 26.0 58.4 58.4
Michigan 8.6 7.2 14.5 14.5 12.7 11.4 11.4 18.1 40.2 30.2 78.9 78.9
Minnesota 6.4 5.7 10.8 10.8 10.0 9.6 9.6 12.4 33.3 26.0 60.9 60.9
Mississippi 11.8 8.6 16.1 16.1 18.0 14.8 14.8 22.3 54.5 31.8 80.5 80.5
Missouri 8.1 7.2 13.3 13.3 12.3 11.2 18.0 11.6 40.9 33.1 79.1 79.1
Montana 7.4 7.3 N/A N/A 11.5 11.2 N/A 9.7 36.7 30.3 52.8 52.8
Nebraska 7.0 6.5 12.5 12.5 11.8 11.0 16.2 13.6 33.9 27.0 68.3 68.3
Nevada 8.0 8.0 13.1 13.1 13.5 12.6 19.1 12.9 42.5 30.4 71.0 71.0
New Hampshire 6.5 6.4 N/A N/A 9.6 9.5 16.3 11.2 32.9 33.1 39.5 39.5
New Jersey 8.4 7.4 13.1 13.1 12.5 11.2 17.2 13.1 35.0 17.7 68.2 68.2
New Mexico 8.5 8.2 12.3 12.3 12.3 11.8 10.9 12.4 52.9 31.9 60.5 60.5
New York 8.2 6.8 12.8 12.8 12.0 10.2 16.7 13.0 41.4 24.6 69.5 69.5
North Carolina 9.1 7.7 14.4 14.4 12.9 11.1 17.9 12.1 42.0 26.7 72.4 72.4
North Dakota 6.8 6.7 N/A N/A 11.1 10.7 N/A 10.4 33.6 26.9 37.2 37.2
Ohio 8.6 7.4 14.5 14.5 12.6 11.5 17.5 12.7 43.4 35.5 79.1 79.1
Oklahoma 8.3 7.8 15.1 15.1 13.4 12.9 18.0 12.5 42.3 34.4 75.7 75.7
Oregon 6.1 5.9 10.8 10.8 10.1 9.3 14.8 11.7 36.1 32.0 63.2 63.2
Pennsylvania 8.3 7.1 13.5 13.5 11.6 10.4 16.5 12.8 40.8 30.9 78.0 78.0
Rhode Island 7.9 6.8 11.0 11.0 11.2 9.6 14.0 13.5 43.9 33.8 68.0 68.0
South Carolina 9.9 7.7 14.5 14.5 14.3 11.9 18.7 13.0 47.8 30.1 78.0 78.0
South Dakota 6.5 6.2 9.8 9.8 11.9 10.7 14.0 15.2 38.4 27.9 52.1 52.1
Tennessee 9.2 8.1 13.9 13.9 13.5 12.1 18.7 11.9 44.1 32.8 78.2 78.2
Texas 8.4 7.7 14.0 14.0 13.3 12.2 17.4 13.3 41.7 26.7 66.5 66.5
Utah 6.8 6.5 13.0 13.0 11.0 10.5 16.6 12.7 20.4 13.6 47.7 47.7
Vermont 7.0 7.0 N/A N/A 9.5 9.6 N/A N/A 38.8 39.1 40.2 40.2
Virginia 8.3 7.0 13.0 13.0 11.3 10.1 15.0 11.6 35.8 23.9 66.8 66.8
Washington 6.3 6.0 9.0 9.0 10.7 10.0 12.8 11.5 34.0 28.6 54.2 54.2
West Virginia 9.5 9.4 14.5 14.5 13.7 13.6 18.4 10.4 42.0 40.8 75.0 75.0
Wisconsin 7.0 6.3 13.0 13.0 11.1 10.3 16.9 11.3 36.3 27.9 83.9 83.9
Wyoming 8.3 8.1 N/A N/A 11.2 10.7 N/A 12.2 34.6 30.0 56.9 56.9

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