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Hospitalization

Narrative

In 2010, there were over 3.0 million hospital discharges among people aged 1‒21 years, equaling 3.5 hospital discharges per 100 children, adolescents, and young adults. While injuries are the leading cause of death among this age group, they were not the most common cause of hospitalization. In 2010, diseases of the respiratory system, including asthma and pneumonia, were the most common causes of hospitalization among children aged 1‒4 and 5‒9 years. Among children aged 1‒4 years, diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 38.4 percent of discharges; the same was true for 26.8 percent of 5- to 9-year-olds. Mental disorders were the most common cause of hospitalization among children aged 10‒14 years (29.0 percent of discharges) and the second most common cause among adolescents aged 15-19 years (16.6 percent of discharges) and young adults aged 20‒21 years (10.3 percent). Among adolescents aged 15-19 years and young adults aged 20‒21 years, labor and delivery (among females) was the most common cause of hospitalization, resulting in 371,000 and 321,000 discharges, respectively.

Between 1990 and 2010, overall hospital discharge rates among children, adolescents and young adults aged 1-14 years did not change significantly. However, there was a change in the rate for at least one of the most common individual category of discharges: the rate of discharge related to injury and poisoning decreased by 40.2 percent over the last two decades.

Graph

This image is described in the Data section.

major hospitalization causes graph

Data

Major Causes of Hospitalization, by Age, 2010
Age Group Cause Average Number of Hospital Discharges per Year
(in thousands)
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. National Hospital Discharge Survey, 2010. Unpublished data. Analyses conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics.
Total Pregnancy/Childbirth 786
Diseases of the Respiratory System 418
Mental Disorders 393
Injury and Poisoning 302
Ages 1-4 Diseases of the Respiratory System 227
Injury and Poisoning 58
Endocrine, Metabolic, and Immunity Diseases and Disorders 38
Disease of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue 36
Ages 5-9 Diseases of the Respiratory System 98
Diseases of the Digestive System 40
Injury and Poisoning 39
Mental Disorders 33
Ages 10-14 Mental Disorders 110
Injury and Poisoning 50
Diseases of the Digestive System 46
Diseases of the Respiratory System 41
Ages 15-19 Pregnancy/Childbirth 371
Mental Disorders 179
Injury and Poisoning 110
Complications of pregnancy/childbirth 71
Ages 20-21 Pregnancy/Childbirth 321
Mental Disorders 65
Complications of Pregnancy/Childbirth 48
Injury and Poisoning 46