In 2010, there were over 3.0 million hospital discharges among people aged 1‒21 years, equaling 3.5 hospital discharges per 100 children, adolescents, and young adults. While injuries are the leading cause of death among this age group, they were not the most common cause of hospitalization. In 2010, diseases of the respiratory system, including asthma and pneumonia, were the most common causes of hospitalization among children aged 1‒4 and 5‒9 years. Among children aged 1‒4 years, diseases of the respiratory system accounted for 38.4 percent of discharges; the same was true for 26.8 percent of 5- to 9-year-olds. Mental disorders were the most common cause of hospitalization among children aged 10‒14 years (29.0 percent of discharges) and the second most common cause among adolescents aged 15-19 years (16.6 percent of discharges) and young adults aged 20‒21 years (10.3 percent). Among adolescents aged 15-19 years and young adults aged 20‒21 years, labor and delivery (among females) was the most common cause of hospitalization, resulting in 371,000 and 321,000 discharges, respectively.
Between 1990 and 2010, overall hospital discharge rates among children, adolescents and young adults aged 1-14 years did not change significantly. However, there was a change in the rate for at least one of the most common individual category of discharges: the rate of discharge related to injury and poisoning decreased by 40.2 percent over the last two decades.
This image is described in the Data section.
|Age Group||Cause||Average Number of Hospital Discharges per Year
|Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. National Hospital Discharge Survey, 2010. Unpublished data. Analyses conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics.|
|Diseases of the Respiratory System||418|
|Injury and Poisoning||302|
|Ages 1-4||Diseases of the Respiratory System||227|
|Injury and Poisoning||58|
|Endocrine, Metabolic, and Immunity Diseases and Disorders||38||Disease of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue||36|
|Ages 5-9||Diseases of the Respiratory System||98|
|Diseases of the Digestive System||40|
|Injury and Poisoning||39|
|Ages 10-14||Mental Disorders||110|
|Injury and Poisoning||50|
|Diseases of the Digestive System||46|
|Diseases of the Respiratory System||41|
|Injury and Poisoning||110|
|Complications of pregnancy/childbirth||71|
|Complications of Pregnancy/Childbirth||48|
|Injury and Poisoning||46|