CHILDREN OF FOREIGN-BORN PARENTS
The foreign-born population in the U.S. has increased substantially
since 1970, largely due to immigration from Asia and Latin America.
In 2002, nearly 20 percent of children in the U.S. or 14 million
children, had at least one foreign-born parent: 15.9 percent were
born in the U.S., and 3.7 percent were themselves foreign-born.
Most children (76.2 percent) were native-born living in households
with native-born parents.1
Compared to native-born children living with native parents, children
living with foreign-born parents were more likely to live below
200 percent of the Federal Poverty Level, more likely to live in
cities, and more likely to live in two-parent families. They were
also more likely to have parents with less than a high school education,
although educational attainment varied by region of birth. Those
born in Asia and Europe had the highest percentages of high school
graduates (86.8 percent and 84 percent, respectively) compared to
those born in Latin America, with only 49.1 percent having graduated
from high school. Immigrant children and children of foreign-born
parents face the challenges of acculturation and have health and
psychosocial risks at home and at school.2
1 The term “native-born parents” indicates
that both parents who live with the child are native-born, while
“foreign-born” means that one or both of the child’s
parents are foreign-born.
2 Schmidley, Dianne (2003). The Foreign-born Population
in the United States: March 2002. Current Population Reports, P20-539.
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau.