Activities Outside of School
For school-aged children, participation in activities such as sports teams, lessons, clubs, or religious groups after school or on the weekends can be an important part of overall development, can provide enrichment, and can contribute to the development of social skills. Parents of children aged 6-17 years were asked if their children had participated in any of these types of activities in the past year. Participation in extracurricular activities is less common among CSHCN (77.2 percent) compared to non-CSHCN (81.7 percent). This difference remained significant even after statistical adjustment for other differences between CSHCN and non-CSHCN.
Children with more complex service needs are less likely than other CSHCN to participate in activities outside of school (73.2 percent). The proportion of CSHCN who participated in extracurricular activities ranged across states from 68.0 percent to 89.7 percent.
Among CSHCN, participation in extracurricular activities is more common among children in higher-income households. Among CSHCN with household incomes below the Federal poverty level (FPL), just over half (55.8 percent) participated in activities outside of school; among CSHCN with household incomes of 400 percent or more of FPL, nearly all (91.4 percent) did so.