The availability of child care, and the need to make backup child care arrangements in emergencies, can also put stress on parents and families. Overall, parents of 54.2 percent of children reported that their child needed and received some form of non-parental child care; however, parents of an additional 9.1 percent of children reported needing but not receiving child care during the past month (data not shown).
Parents of children aged 0-5 years who received care from someone other than a parent were asked whether they had had to make different child care arrangements in the past month due to circumstances beyond their control and whether anyone in the family had had to quit a job, not take a job, or greatly change their job because of child care problems within the past year. Among parents with children receiving care, 30.7 percent reported at least one of these child care issues.
Parents of Black and multiracial children were most likely to have reported at least one child care problem (35.8 and 35.5 percent, respectively), compared to 30.4 percent of White children and 30.0 percent of children of other races. Parents of Hispanic children were least likely to have reported child care problems (27.8 percent).
Problems with child care appear to be more common among families with single mothers than among two-parent families or families of other structures: the parents of 38.9 percent of children of single mothers reported at least one child care problem. Among children with two biological or adoptive parents, parents of 29.2 percent had child care problems, while 29.9 percent of those with a two-parent stepfamily did so. Among children in families with other structures, the parents of 30.7 percent experienced at least one child care problem.