To assess whether or not families and children are supported in their neighborhoods, parents were asked whether they agreed with the following statements:
- People in the neighborhood help each other out.
- We watch out for each other's children.
- There are people I can count on in the neighborhood.
- If my child were outside playing and got hurt or scared, there are adults nearby whom I trust to help my child.
Families were considered to live in supportive neighborhoods if they answered "definitely agree" or "somewhat agree" to each of the four statements. Overall, parents of 83.2 percent of children reported that they live in supportive neighborhoods.
Parents of children in higher-income households are more likely to feel that their neighborhoods are supportive. Among children in households with incomes below 100 percent of the Federal poverty level (FPL), the parents of 70.7 percent reported that their neighborhoods are supportive, compared to 79.0 percent of children in households with incomes between 100 and 199 percent of poverty. Of children with household incomes between 200 and 399 percent of FPL, 86.0 percent lived in supportive neighborhoods, as did 91.2 percent of children with household incomes of 400 percent or more of FPL.
The likelihood of parents reporting that children live in supportive neighborhoods also varied by race and ethnicity. Parents of White children were more likely to perceive neighborhoods as supportive, compared to parents in other racial and ethnic groups. Among White children, 88.8 percent were reported to live in supportive neighborhoods, followed by 85.1 percent of children of other races and 80.9 percent of multiracial children. More than 76 percent of Hispanic and 71.0 percent of Black children also lived in supportive neighborhoods.