Current Health Insurance
The survey asked parents if their children currently had coverage through any kind of health insurance, including private plans or government plans such as Medicaid. Overall, 90.9 percent of children had health insurance coverage: 61.8 percent had private health insurance coverage, 29.1 percent had public coverage, and 9.2 percent were uninsured. The percentage of children with some type of insurance did not vary significantly by location. However, children in rural areas were more likely than urban children to have insurance through public programs, such as Medicaid or the Children’s Health Insurance Program. More than one-third of children in both large and small rural areas had public insurance, compared to 27.3 percent of urban children.
In all locations, children with the lowest household incomes were the least likely to have health insurance. However, within each income category, the percentage of children with insurance did not vary significantly by location.
Within most racial and ethnic groups, and regardless of location, approximately 90 percent of children had insurance. However, this proportion was much lower for Hispanic children (as low as 59.6 percent of Hispanic children whose families’ primary language is Spanish) and 82.3 percent of Hispanic children whose families primarily speak English, in large rural areas.