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Bar graph: Children by Location Bar graph: Children by Location and Age

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Chronic Conditions

The survey asked parents if they had ever been told by a health care provider that their child had, and whether the child still had, one of a number of specific chronic conditions. These included 7 physical health conditions (asthma; diabetes; brain injury or concussion; bone, joint, or muscle problems; epilepsy or seizure disorder; hearing problems; or vision problems), 7 emotional, behavioral, or developmental (EBD) conditions (attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADD/ADHD], anxiety, autism spectrum disorder, depression, developmental delay, oppositional defiant disorder [ODD] or conduct disorder, or Tourette Syndrome), speech problems, and learning disabilities. Overall, 22.3 percent of children were reported to have at least one of these 16 conditions. This proportion was slightly higher in large rural areas (24.9 percent) and lower in small rural areas (21.9 percent). This pattern was also evident for the 7 physical conditions and the 7 emotional, behavioral, or developmental conditions.

For all types of conditions and across locations, the proportion of children who had at least one condition was higher among older children. Among children aged 12-17 years, nearly one-third (31.2 percent) of children in small rural areas had at least one of the 16 conditions, and this proportion was similar for this age group in other locations. Within each age group, the proportion of children with at least one physical condition did not vary substantially by location, except that the percentage of children aged 0-5 with at least one physical condition was higher in large rural areas (15.2 percent) than in small rural and urban areas (approximately 10 percent).

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