The availability of child care, and the ability to make backup child care arrangements in emergencies, can also put stress on parents and the family. Overall, parents of 54.2 percent of children aged 0-5 reported that their child received some form of non-parental care; however, parents of an additional 9.1 percent of children reported needing but not receiving child care during the past month. These percentages did not vary greatly by location.
Parents of children aged 0-5 were asked whether they had had to make different child care arrangements in the past month due to circumstances beyond their control and whether anyone in the family had had to quit a job, not take a job, or greatly change their job because of child care problems within the past year. Among parents with children receiving care, 30.7 percent reported one or both of these issues. The prevalence of these problems did not vary greatly by location; the parents of between 11.3 and 12.6 percent of children reported problems that affected their job, while the parents of 36.6 to 38.3 percent reported having to make last-minute arrangements at least once in the past year.
In urban and small rural areas, the percent of children whose parents reported at least one child care problem in the past year did not vary greatly by income. In large rural areas, however, the parents of 40.4 percent of children with household incomes of 400 percent of the Federal poverty level (FPL) reported child care problems, compared to the parents of 26.7 percent of children with household incomes below the FPL.