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Overweight and Physical Activity Among Children: A Portrait of States and the Nation 2005
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PREVALENCE OF OVERWEIGHT IN CHILDREN

Prevalence of Overweight in Children Aged 10 to 17 Years
Not Overweight 85.2%
Overweight 14.8%

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Sex
Male 18.1%
Female 11.5%

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Age
10-11 Years 21.9%
12-14 Years 14.4%
15-17 Years 10.7%

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Race and Ethnicity
White 12%
Black 23.5%
Hispanic 18.9%
Multiracial 15.3%
Other including Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native children 15.2%

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Family Income
Less than 100% FPL 22.4%
100-199% FPL 19.0%
200-399% FPL 13.7%
400% or More FPL 9.1%

Federal Poverty Level (FPL) was equal to $18,400 for a family of four in 2003.

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Family Structure
2 Parents, Biological or Adoptive 12.2%
2-Parent Stepfamily 15.2%
Single Mother, No Father Present 18.9%
Other 18.1%

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CHILDREN'S PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Physical Activity* Among Children Aged 10 to 17 Years
Less than 3 Days per Week 28.7%
3 or More Days per Week 71.3%

*Activity that lasted at least 20 minutes and caused sweating and hard breathing.

Percent of Children Who Participate in Physical Activity* on 3 or More Days per Week, by Sex
Male 76.8%
Female 65.6%

*Activity that lasted at least 20 minutes and caused sweating and hard breathing.

Percent of Children Who Participate in Physical Activity* on 3 of More Days per Week, by Age
10-11 Years 78.2%
12-14 Years 74.2%
15-17 Years 63.3%

*Activity that lasted at least 20 minutes and caused sweating and hard breathing.

Percent of Children Who Participate in Physical Activity* on 3 or More Days per Week, by Family Income
Less than 100% FPL 65.6%
100-199% FPL 70.2%
200-399% FPL 72.3%
400% or More FPL 75.0%

Federal Poverty Level (FPL) was equal to $18,400 for a family of four in 2003.

*Activity that lasted at least 20 minutes and caused sweating and hard breathing.

Percent of Children Who Participate in Physical Activity on 3 or More Days per Week, by Race and Ethnicity
White 73.5%
Black 69.1%
Hispanic 62.9%
Multiracial 73.8%
Other including Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native children 76.1%

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Mean Days of Physical Activity* per Week, by Sex
Male 4.3%
Female 3.5%

*Activity that lasted at least 20 minutes and caused sweating and hard breathing.

Mean Days of Physical Activity* per Week, by Age
10-11 Years 4.4%
12-14 Years 4.1%
15-17 Years 3.5%

*Activity that lasted at least 20 minutes and caused sweating and hard breathing.

Participation in Sports Teams Among Children
Did Not Participate in Sports Teams 41.4%
Did Participate in Sports Teams 58.6%

Percent of Children Who Participate in Sports Teams or Sports Lessons, by Sex
Male 62.1%
Female 55.0%

Percent of Children Who Participate in Sports Teams or Sports Lessons, by Age
10-11 Years 61.5%
12-14 Years 61.6%
15-17 Years 53.4%

Percent of Children Who Participate in Sports Teams or Sports Lessons, by School Type
Public School 57.5%
Private School 74.2%
Home School 45.0%

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Participation in Physical Activity*
3 or More Days per Week 13.8%
Less Than 3 Days per Week 17.1%

*Activity that lasted at least 20 minutes and caused sweating and hard breathing.

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Participation in Sports Teams or Lessons
Participation in Sports 12.6%
No Participation in Sports 18.1%

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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE FAMILY

Parental Exercise Among Children
At Least One Parent Who Exercises Regularly 72.9%
No Parent Who Exercises Regularly 27.1%

Percent of Children Who Are Overweight, by Parental Exercise
No Parent Who Exercises Regularly 17%
At Least One Parent Who Exercises Regularly 13.6%

Percent of Children Whose Parents Exercise Regularly, by Family Income
Less than 100% FPL 56.7%
100-199% FPL 66.9%
200-399% FPL 76.6%
400% or More FPL 83.8%

Federal Poverty Level (FPL) was equal to $18,400 for a family of four in 2003.

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PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND THE NEIGHBORHOOD

Percent of Children Who Participate in Physical Activity on 3 or More Days per Week, by Neighborhood Safety*
Usually or Always Safe 72.8%
Not Usually or Always Safe 63.8%

*Neighborhood safety is determined by whether the parent feels the child is usually or always safe in that neighborhood.

Percent of Children Who Participate in Sports Teams or Sports Lessons, by Neighborhood Safety*
Usually or Always Safe 60.9%
Not Usually or Always Safe 47.2%

*Neighborhood safety is determined by whether the parent feels the child is usually or always safe in that neighborhood.

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This information is from the chartbook Overweight and Physical Activity Among Children: A Portrait of States and the Nation 2005, that is based on data from the National Survey of Children's Health. Suggested citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau. The National Survey of Children's Health 2003. Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005.