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H H S Department of Health and Human Services
Health Resources and Services Administration
Maternal and Child Health

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Newborn Screening
Printable Guides

Newborn Screening Tests (PDF-127 KB)
(En Español PDF-361 KB)

First Hearing Test (PDF-149 KB)
(En Español PDF-126 KB)

Second Hearing Test (PDF-398 KB)
(En Español PDF-112 KB)

Quick Reference (PDF-177 KB)

The Parent's Guide to Newborn Screening: These Test Can Save Your Baby's Life

The Parent's Guide to Newborn Screening (PDF - 127 KB)

Esta Prueba Puede Salvar la Vida de su Bebé (PDF - 127 KB)

Why does my baby need Newborn Screening tests?

  • Most babies are healthy when they are born.
  • We test all babies because a few babies look healthy but have a rare health problem.
  • If we find problems early, we can help prevent serious problems like mental retardation or death.

How will my baby be tested?

  • Before you leave the hospital, a nurse will take a few drops of blood from your baby's heel.
  • The hospital will send the blood sample to a newborn screening lab.

How will I get the results of the test?

  • Parents are notified of test results if there is a problem.
  • Ask about results when you see your baby's health professional.

Why do some babies need to be retested?

  • Your baby may be retested if you leave the hospital before 24 hours.
  • Some States require a second test on all babies.
  • Some babies need to be retested because there is a problem with the blood sample.
  • A few babies need to be retested because the first test showed a possible health problem.

What if I have questions?

Ask your baby's health professional if you have questions or concerns.There may be other tests besides those required in your state. More helpful information is available from

Baby's First Test
Your state health department's Newborn Screening Program

7 Things Parents Want to Know About Newborn Screening
  • All newborn babies are required by the State to get tested for some rare disorders before they leave the hospital.
  • Babies with these disorders may look healthy at birth.
  • Serious problems can be prevented if we find out about the disorders right away.  
  • To do the test, a nurse will take a few drops of blood from your baby's heel.
  • Your baby's health professional and hospital will get a copy of the test results. Ask about the results when you see your baby's health professional.
  • Some babies will need to be retested. If your baby needs to be retested, you will be notified. It is very important to get retested quickly.  
  • Talk to your baby's health professional if you have questions.