David Bishai, M.D., Ph.D. Associate Professor 615 N. Wolfe Street Baltimore, MD 21205 Phone: (410) 955-7807 Email: email@example.com
Perinatal/Infancy (0-12 months)
Toddlerhood (13-35 months)
Safe environments are fundamental for successful and healthy children. Parental choices are the most important determinant of each child's risk of injury. This project seeks to develop new insights into the individual, household, and community determinants of parental safety behaviors in U.S. parents of children age 0 - 33 months.
We will analyze data collected in the National Evaluation of the Healthy Steps for Young Children Program. This dataset describes 5565 infants enrolled in 15 U.S. cities in 1996-97 with follow-up until they were 30-33 months old. Parental reports of their own safety behaviors and their children's medically attended injuries and hospitalizations by age 2-4 months and by age 30-33 months will be supplemented by community level data from the 2000 Census and practice level data on each child's health care utilization.
We will estimate the individual, household, and community determinants of safety behaviors using ANOVA, bivariate, and multivariate regression accounting for fixed effects and multilevel data structure. We will be particularly interested in testing whether key life events including parental relocation, mental health, alcohol use, and parental work force participation are associated with diminished safety behaviors and increased injuries. We will determine moderating factors which help to protect children from injury especially when they are growing up in higher risk communities and/or families.
MCHB Strategic Research Issue #IV. Promoting the healthy development of MCH populations.