Women living along the U.S.–Mexico border face different challenges and barriers to care and health risks than women in the general U.S. population. High rates of poverty and uninsurance among women in the U.S. border region contribute to barriers in accessing care. This special border health supplement to Women’s Health USA is intended to provide policymakers and women’s health advocates with a snapshot of women’s health in the border region.
The U.S.–Mexico border region refers to an area encompassing 100 kilometers (62 miles) north and south of the U.S.–Mexico border. This area includes 80 municipios in 6 Mexican states and 48 counties in 4 U.S. States. The Healthy Border 2010 initiative of the U.S.– Mexico Border Health Commission limits this region to 44 U.S. border counties, excluding Maricopa, Pinal, and La Paz counties in Arizona and Riverside County in California. The “Border Region” referred to in this supplement also refers to those 44 U.S. counties in Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas.
Technical Note: While every effort has been made to cite the most recent and reliable data available for the border region, in some cases estimates are presented that represent only a portion of border counties. This is the case for estimates based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Local Area Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, each of which includes 9 border counties and represents 89.9 and 89.1 percent of the entire border population, respectively. It is acknowledged that the population residing in the counties included in these analyses may differ substantially from the population of those living in the remaining 35 border counties, who only account for about 10 percent of the border population.