Leading Causes of Death
In 2005, there were 47,386 deaths recorded in the U.S. border region. Females accounted for 22,637, or 47.8 percent, of these deaths. Overall, the death rate among this population was 849.7 per 100,000 males and 587.6 per 100,000 females, which is lower than that of the overall U.S. population (951.1 and 677.6 per 100,000, respectively; data not shown).
The top 10 leading causes of death for females accounted for 81.6 percent of all deaths (data not shown). Among females, heart disease accounted for 25.3 percent of deaths, followed by malignant neoplasms, or cancer (22.0 percent), and cerebrovascular diseases or stroke (6.7 percent).
The leading cause of death among both females and males was heart disease, which was the cause of death for 145.2 and 229.4 per 100,000 people, respectively, followed by cancer (135.0 and 194.7 per 100,000, respectively). Males had higher mortality rates than females for all of the leading causes of death except for Alzheimers disease, which was the cause of death for 28.3 per 100,000 females and 21.1 per 100,000 males.
The leading causes of death among females in the U.S. border region were similar to that of the U.S. female population overall. In general, mortality rates due to the top 10 leading causes were lower among those in the border region, with the exception of Alzheimers disease and diabetes mellitus. Alzheimers disease accounted for 28.3 deaths per 100,000 females in the border region, compared to 25.1 deaths per 100,000 females in the U.S. population overall. Similarly, diabetes mellitus was the cause of death for 24.8 per 100,000 females in the border region, compared to 21.6 per 100,000 females among the general population (data not shown).