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Women's Health USA 2013 An illustrated collection of current and historical data, published annually.

Health-Related Quality of Life

Narrative

Health-related quality of life encompasses multiple aspects of health and can be measured in different ways, including self-reported health status and the number of days in the past month that a person felt that either their physical or mental health was not good.1

In 2012, 51.4 percent of women reported being in excellent or very good health, while 31.1 percent reported being in good health and 17.5 percent reported being in fair or poor health. Self-reported health status was similar among men and women but varied greatly with age and educational attainment. Over half of young women aged 18–34 years reported being in excellent or very good health (57.3 percent), compared to 40.4 percent of women aged 65 and older. Conversely, only 10.8 percent of women aged 18–34 years reported fair or poor health, compared to 25.9 percent of women aged 65 years or older. Self-reported health status improved with increasing levels of education. Less than one-quarter of women without a high school diploma reported excellent or very good health (23.4 percent), compared to 69.6 percent of women with a college degree (data not shown in graph images or in data tables on this site).

In 2012, women reported more physically and mentally unhealthy days than men. Women reported an average of 4.2 days of poor physical health, compared to 3.6 days per month for men. Similarly, women reported an average of 4.5 mentally unhealthy days, while men reported an average of 3.3 days per month (data not shown in graph images or in data tables on this site).

For both physically and mentally unhealthy days, non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native women and non-Hispanic women of multiple races reported the highest average numbers of unhealthy days in the past month, with 6.1 and 5.9 physically unhealthy days, respectively; and 6.7 and 6.2 mentally unhealthy days, respectively. Non-Hispanic Asian women and non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander women reported the lowest number of physically and mentally unhealthy days on average (2.5 and 2.6 physically unhealthy days, respectively; and 2.7 and 3.7 mentally unhealthy days, respectively).

1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention link leaves hrsa.gov site. Health Related Quality of Life. Accessed 09/09/13.

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Graphs

Data

Self-Reported Health* Among Women Aged 18 and Older, by Age, 2012
Age Group Percent of Women, Excellent/Very Good Percent of Women, Good Percent of Women, Fair/Poor
*Total estimates are age-adjusted.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, 2012. Analysis conducted by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau.
18-34 Years 57.3 31.9 10.8
35-44 Years 54.8 29.8 15.4
45-64 Years 49.0 29.6 21.3
65 Years and Older 40.4 33.7 25.9
Total 51.4 31.1 17.5
Average Number of Physically and Mentally Unhealthy Days* in Past Month Among Women Aged 18 and Older, by Race/Ethnicity, 2012
Age Group Average Number, Physically Unhealthy Days Average Number, Mentally Unhealthy Days
*Self-reported number of days in past 30 days that physical or mental health was not good; all estimates are age-adjusted.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, 2012. Analysis conducted by the Maternal and Child Health Bureau.
Non-Hispanic White 4.0 4.5
Non-Hispanic Black 4.7 4.8
Hispanic 5.1 4.8
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native 6.1 6.7
Non-Hispanic Asian 2.5 2.7
Non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander 2.6 3.7
Non-Hispanic Multiple Race 5.9 6.2
Total 4.2 4.5