HEALTH STATUS >
Diabetes is a chronic condition and a leading cause of
death and disability in the United States. Complications of diabetes
are serious and may include blindness, kidney damage, heart disease,
stroke, nervous system disease, amputation, and complications in
The two main types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes
is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and is commonly
referred to as “juvenile diabetes.” Type 2 diabetes
is the most common type; it is often diagnosed among adults but
is becoming more common among children. Risk factors for Type 2
diabetes include obesity, physical inactivity, and a family history
of the disease.
In 2003, women under the age of 45 were more likely to report having
diabetes than men of the same age. The rate of diabetes increases
with age for both sexes; however, older men were more likely to
have diabetes than their female counterparts. The rate of diabetes
among women under the age of 45 was 20.6 per 1,000 women, compared
to 17.6 per 1,000 men of the same age. The rates among women and
men 75 years and older were 148.6 and 171.7 per 1,000, respectively.
There were racial and ethnic differences in diabetes rates among
women in 2003. Non-Hispanic Black women had the highest rate of
diabetes (91.2 per 1,000), followed by Hispanic women (61.0 per
1,000) and non-Hispanic White women (60.8 per 1,000); Asian women
had the lowest rate of diabetes (47.1 per 1,000).