Health Services Utilization
Females represented 60.1 percent of the over 34
million short-stay hospital discharges in 2003. Nearly 20 percent
of discharges for all females were due to childbirth, while 15 percent
were due to diseases of the circulatory system. Other common reasons
for hospitalization included diseases of the respiratory, digestive,
and genitourinary systems, injury and poisoning, and mental disorders.
Overall, females had a higher hospital discharge
rate than males (1,792.2 versus 1,228.3 per 10,000 population).
Males and females have different rates of discharge for every type
of proceudre performed. Several of the procedures for which females
had a higher discharge rate than males included operations on the
digestive system (224.7 versus 170.4 per 10,000) and operations
on the genital organs (139.0 versus 17.5 per 10,000). Males had
a higher discharge rate than females for operations on the cardiovascular
system (276.7 versus 196.0 per 10,000) and a slightly higher rate
of operations on the musculoskeletal system (129.5 versus 128.7
per 10,000). Among females, the highest rate of discharges was due
to obstetrical procedures (453.2 per 10,000).