Health Status > Health Indicators
Violence and Abuse
According to the National Crime Victimization
Survey, there were over 2.2 million violent crimes committed against
females aged 12 and older in the United States in 2004; this includes
rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault.
In 1993, the rate of violent victimization among men was 59.8 per
1,000 population and the rate among women was 40.7 per 1,000. Those
rates had dropped to 25.0 and 18.8 per 1,000, respectively, in 2004.
This follows the downward trend in violent crime victimization rates
for women over the last decade.
Women are more likely than men to be victims of
sexual assault and rape, while men are more likely to be victims
of robbery and both types of assault. For all types of violent crime,
women are more likely than men to know the offender. Among all rape
and sexual assault cases in 2004, 67 percent of female victims were
attacked by someone that they knew, either an intimate partner (17
percent), other relative (3 percent), or friend/acquaintance (31
percent). Another 31 percent were attacked by a stranger, while
the victim/offender relationship in the remaining 2 percent of cases
was not determined. Similarly, victims of 54 percent of robberies,
61 percent of aggravated assaults, and 66 percent of simple assaults
knew their assailant.