Women's Health USA 2007
Photographs of women's faces
Health Services Utilization
Medicare and Medicaid

Medicare is the Nation’s health insurance program for people aged 65 and older, some people under age 65 with disabilities, and those with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure). Medicare has four components: Part A covers hospital, skilled nursing, home health, and hospice care; Part B covers physician services, outpatient services, and durable medical equipment; Part C is a managed care program now known as “Medicare Advantage;” and Part D, added in 2006, covers prescription drugs.

In 2005, 56 percent of Medicare’s 42.5 million enrollees, were female. A majority of Medicare enrollees were aged 65 and older; the elderly represented 87 percent of female and 81 percent of male enrollees.

Of the 43 million enrollees eligible for the Medicare Part D prescription drug program in 2006, 55.8 percent were female. Of those who enrolled in stand-alone prescription drug plans, 6.6 million (61 percent) were female. The largest group of women enrolled in Part D is the 75- to 89-year-old age group, with 2.85 million enrollees, followed by the 65- to 74-year-old age group with 2.76 million.

Medicaid is jointly funded by the Federal and State governments and provides coverage for low-income people and people with disabilities. In 2004, Medicaid covered 58 million individuals including children; the aged, blind, and disabled; and adults who are eligible for cash assistance programs. Overall, 59 percent of all Medicaid enrollees were female; of the adults enrolled in Medicaid, 69 percent were women (data not shown).


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Women's Health USA 2007 is not copyrighted. Readers are free to duplicate and use all or part of the information contained on this page. Suggested Citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Women's Health USA 2007. Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007.