Women's Health USA 2007
Photographs of women's faces
Health Services Utilization
Health Care Expenditures

In 2004, the majority of health care expenses of both females and males were covered by public or private health insurance. For females, nearly one-third of expenses were covered by either Medicare or Medicaid, while almost 43 percent were covered by private insurance. Although the percentage of expenditures paid through private insurance was approximately equal for both sexes, health care costs of females were more likely than those of males, to be paid by Medicaid or out-of-pocket.

Nearly 90 percent of females had at least one health care expenditure in 2004, compared to 80 percent of males. Among those who had at least one health care expense in 2004, the average per person expenditure including expenses covered by insurance and those paid out-of-pocket, was slightly higher for females ($4,158) than for males ($3,554). However, malesí average expenditures exceeded femalesí for hospital inpatient services ($16,007 compared to $12,292) and hospital outpatient services, while femalesí expenditures exceeded malesí in the categories of home health services, office-based medical services, and prescription drugs. While the gender gap in health care expenditures has narrowed somewhat since 1998, overall per capita health care expenditures have increased substantially among both men and women. Malesí expenses have gone up by 67 percent over this period while femalesí have increased by 53 percent.


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Women's Health USA 2007 is not copyrighted. Readers are free to duplicate and use all or part of the information contained on this page. Suggested Citation: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Women's Health USA 2007. Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007.