Martha May Eliot M.D. (1891-1978) is considered among the founders of the Maternal and Child Health field. She graduated from Johns Hopkins Medical School in 1918, and went on to hold a variety of highly influential national and international public service positions including Chief of the U.S. Children’s Bureau (an early iteration of the HRSA MCHB).
Julia Lathrop was a social worker and the first chief of Children’s Bureau. Lathrop said: “The theory on which the [Children’s] Bureau was created [was] that if the Government can investigate and report, the conscience and power of local communities can be depended upon for local action.”
She created the plan for the Sheppard-Towner Act that led to the Title V program and had her bill sponsored in 1918 by the nation’s first Congresswoman, Jeannette Rankin of Montana.
|Dr. Josephine Baker was the first Chief of the MCH Bureau of Child Hygiene (later Bureau of Child Health) in the New York City Health Department from 1908-1923.|
In 1912, she pointed to prematurity as a problem with social economic, medical and hygenic dimensions. Baker said, "[Neonatal mortality is] not a medical problem, but in a larger sense a social problem."
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75th Anniversary of Title V
"Remembering the Impact of Title V"