Repeating a Grade

Parents of school-aged children (aged 6 and older) were asked if their children had repeated one or more grades since starting school. Overall, 9.1 percent of children aged 6-17 years had repeated a grade.

Boys were more likely to repeat a grade than girls. Of school-aged boys, 10.8 percent were reported to have repeated at least one grade, compared to 7.2 percent of girls. Older children were also more likely to have repeated a grade, because they have had more opportunities to do so. Of children aged 6-11 years, 6.8 percent were reported to have repeated a grade, compared to 11.3 percent of 12- to 17-year-olds.

Children in low-income households were also more likely than children with higher household incomes to repeat a grade. Among school-aged children with household incomes below the poverty level, 18.1 percent were reported to have repeated at least one grade, compared to 10.9 percent children with household incomes between 100 and 199 percent of the Federal poverty level (FPL). Among children with household incomes between 200 and 399 percent of FPL, 6.4 percent had repeated a grade, as had 4.0 percent of children with household incomes of 400 percent or more of FPL.