School Engagement

Parents of school-aged children (aged 6-17 years) were asked two questions to assess their child’s engagement in school: whether the child cares about doing well in school and whether the child does all required homework. Children were considered to be engaged in school if their parent responded “usually” or “always” to both of these items. Overall, 80.4 percent of children aged 6-17 years were engaged in school.

This varied, however, by the child’s sex, age, and household income. Girls were more likely than boys to be engaged in school (86.9 versus 74.0 percent, respectively), and children aged 6-11 were more likely than adolescents aged 12-17 years to be engaged (84.9 versus 76.1 percent, respectively). Children with lower household incomes were also less likely to be engaged in school; of children with household incomes below the Federal poverty level (FPL), 73.6 were engaged, compared to 85.3 percent of children with household incomes of 400 percent of the FPL or more.