To assess whether families and children were supported in their neighborhoods, parents were asked whether they agreed with the following statements:
- People in the neighborhood help each other out.
- We watch out for each other’s children.
- There are people I can count on in the neighborhood.
- If my child were outside playing and got hurt or scared, there are adults nearby whom I trust to help my child.
Families were considered to live in supportive neighborhoods if they answered “definitely agree” or “somewhat agree” to each of the four statements. Overall, parents of 82.1 percent of children reported that they lived in supportive neighborhoods. This percentage was higher in small rural areas (86.3 percent) than in urban areas (81.7 percent) or large rural areas (82.7 percent).
In all locations, children with household incomes below 100 percent of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) were less likely than those with household incomes of 200 percent or more of the FPL to live in supportive neighborhoods. Among children with household incomes below 100 percent of the FPL, those in small rural areas were more likely than their large rural and urban peers to do so (80.3 versus 73.0 and 69.2 percent, respectively). At all income levels, children in small rural areas were more likely than those in urban areas to live in supportive neighborhoods with the exception of children in the highest income category, where at least 91 percent lived in supportive neighborhoods.
In all locations, non-Hispanic White children were more likely than children of other races and ethnicities to live in supportive neighborhoods. Among non-Hispanic Black children, those in rural areas were more likely than children in urban areas to live in a supportive neighborhood: 82.9 and 78.0 percent of non-Hispanic Black children in small and large rural areas, respectively, did so compared to 71.5 percent of those in urban areas. There were no statistically significant differences across locations for Hispanic and non-Hispanic children of multiple or other races.