Children of Immigrant Parents

Narrative

The immigrant population in the United States has increased substantially since the 1970s, largely due to immigration from Asia and Latin America. In 2013, 25.8 percent of children in the United States had at least one immigrant parent. Of all children, 22.5 percent were born in the United States with an immigrant parent or parents, and 3.3 percent were themselves immigrants, with or without an immigrant parent. Most children (74.2 percent) were native born with native-born parents (Figure 1).

Children under 18 by nativity

Figure 1 Source

Children’s poverty status varies with nativity. In 2013, immigrant children with immigrant parents and native children with immigrant parents were most likely to live in poverty, with 30.8 and 28.4 percent respectively, living in households with incomes below 100 percent of poverty ($23,834 for a family of four in 2013; Figure 2). More than a quarter of immigrant children with immigrant parents and native children with immigrant parents lived in households with family incomes of 100&ndash199 percent of poverty. Native-born children with native parents were the least likely to experience poverty, with 20.1 percent living in households with incomes below 100 percent of poverty and another 20.1 percent living in households with incomes of 100&ndash199 percent of poverty.

Children under 18 by poverty

Figure 2 Source

A number of other factors vary by the nativity of children and their parents. For example, immigrant and native children with immigrant parents were more likely to live in two-parent households (77.9 and 73.3 percent, respectively) compared to children with native parents (66.6 percent). Immigrant and native children with immigrant parents were also more likely to live in metropolitan areas (93.7 and 94.9 percent, respectively) than children with native parents (82.1 percent).

Data Sources

Figure 1. U.S. Census Bureau and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Analyses conducted by the Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology and Statistics Program.

Figure 2. U.S. Census Bureau and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Analyses conducted by the Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology and Statistics Program.

Data

Statistical Significance Test

Calculate the difference between two estimates:

Calculated Z-Test Result 0.9567433 Not statistically significant

We follow statistical conventions in defining a significant difference by a p-value less than 0.05 where there is a less than 5% probability of observing a difference of that magnitude or greater by chance alone if there were really no difference between estimates. The 95% confidence interval includes a plausible range of values for the observed difference; 95% of random samples would include the true difference with fewer than 5% of random samples failing to capture the true difference.

This website allows comparisons between two estimates using the independent z-test for differences in rates or proportions. This test is appropriate for comparing independent populations across years (e.g., 2011 versus 2012) or subgroups (e.g., Male versus Female) on corresponding measures. To the extent possible, the functionality of this application has limited estimate comparisons based on appropriate use of the independent z-test. However, some tables present subgroup categories within broader categories that will allow comparisons between non-independent populations (e.g., low birth weight and very low birth weight). Users should exercise caution when interpreting these test results, which will frequently overstate statistical significance.

For some tables, the website does not allow for comparisons between two estimates, even though the data represent independent populations. Generally, this is because the standard errors were not publicly available at the time this website was created.

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