This section provides information on factors associated with child health and well-being which can impact children and adolescents across the life course. Topics include adverse childhood experiences, flourishing and resiliency among youth and adolescents, and mortality and nonfatal injury. Additional information is provided on a wide rangeof federal policies and programs that support women’s and children’s health throughout the lifespan.
- In 2011, the child mortality rate was 25.7 per 100,000 among children aged 1–19 years, representing a decline of more than 25 percent since 1999. Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native children had the highest mortality rate (47.6 per 100,000) and Hispanic children had the lowest mortality rate (21.1 per 100,000).
- In 2011–2012, 22.6 percent of children aged 0–17 years experienced at least 2 adverse childhood experiences, such as experiencing economic hardship often (25.7 percent) and living with a parent who was divorced or separated after the child was born (20.1 percent).
- Among children aged 6 months–5 years, 73.2 percent were reported to usually or always exhibit 4 age-specific behaviors associated with flourishing (curiosity, resilience, attachment to caregivers, and positive affect). Less than half (47.7 percent) of school-aged children were reported to usually or always exhibit 3 age-specific flourishing behaviors (curiosity, resilience, and self-regulation).