U.S. Female Population
The growing diversity of the U.S. population is reflected in the racial and ethnic distribution of women across age groups. The younger female population (under 15 years) is significantly more diverse than the older female population. In 2007, 55.9 percent of females under 15 years were non-Hispanic White, while 21.5 percent of that group were Hispanic. In contrast, among women aged 65 years and older, 80.2 percent were non-Hispanic White and only 6.5 percent were Hispanic. The distribution of the Black population was more consistent across age groups, ranging from 14.6 percent of females under 15 years of age to 8.9 percent of women aged 65 years and older.
Evidence indicates that race and ethnicity represent important factors related to health disparities, that is, variations in rates of health conditions and chronic diseases in persons of different races and ethnicities. Coupled with the increasing diversity of the U.S. population, these health disparities make culturally-appropriate, community-driven programs critical to improving the health of the entire U.S. population. 1