Child Health

In FY 2017, the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program served over 156,000 parents and children and provided more than 942,000 home visits.

As children grow, they develop skills that impact the rest of their lives. We created initiatives and programs to build systems that improve the physical and emotional health of children.

These efforts promote best-in-class emergency medical care for children and encourage positive parenting, child development, and school readiness.

What are our goals?

Increase the number of children who receive a developmental screening.

  • Early identification of developmental disorders is critical to the well-being of children and their families. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends screening tests begin at the nine-month visit.

Decrease the number of hospital admissions for non-fatal injury among children ages zero through nine.

  • Reducing the burden of non-fatal injury can greatly improve the quality of life and cost savings for children and their families.

Increase the number of children who are adequately insured.

  • Inadequately insured children are more likely to lack appropriate and timely care, be without a medical home, and be less likely to receive needed referrals and family-centered care.

Increase access to comprehensive oral health care for MCH populations most at risk for oral disease.

How do we accomplish our goals?

We accomplish our goals through the following initiatives and programs:

  • Title V MCH Block Grant
  • Home Visiting
  • National Fetal, Infant, and Child Death Review Program

    We direct and fund states and localities who create review teams to raise awareness about fetal, infant and child deaths, prevent future deaths, and address emerging issues.

    Fetal and infant mortality reviews (FIMRs) and child death reviews (CDRs) provide insight into gaps in services, systems, and modifiable risk factors. This helps create and maintain risk reduction and prevention programs.

    We provide 175 FIMR programs, including multiple Healthy Start programs, with technical assistance and support.

    Since 2002, we have led, trained and helped 1,350 CDR teams and state CDR coordinators in all 50 states and D.C. This has led to a standardized data collection form and a cost-free National Case Reporting System. Exit Disclaimer The system contains entries on nearly 200,000 child deaths.

  • Bright Futures
  • Child Safety Learning Collaborative

    We partner with other federal agencies and more than 20 national organizations to reduce fatal and serious injuries among infants, children, and youth.

    It supports shared improvement among Title V agencies in 17 states and one territory on the following:

    • Sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUID)
    • Bullying prevention
    • Suicide/self-harm prevention
    • Motor vehicle traffic
    • Poisoning prevention
  • Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (ECCS)
  • Bridging the Word Gap Research Network Exit Disclaimer

    Its goal is to reduce the number of children who enter school with delays in language and early literacy.

  • Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC)

    EMSC is the only federal grant program specifically focused on addressing the distinct needs of children in pre-hospital and hospital emergency medical systems.

    It works to ensure that seriously sick or injured children have access to the same high-quality pediatric emergency health care, no matter where they live in the United States.

    The following our are six main investments to ensure pre-hospital EMS agencies and hospital emergency departments to improve pediatric health outcomes:

    • Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network
      Conducts rigorous multi-institutional research in Emergency Department and pre-hospital EMS settings. Seeks to increase the evidence base for appropriate and effective treatment that improves health outcomes for acute illnesses and injuries in children.
    • State Partnership
      Expands and improves a state’s capacity to deliver evidence-based, effective pediatric emergency care that aligns with best practices.
    • State Partnership Regionalization of Care
      Develops replicable models of regionalized health care that improve the access and quality of pediatric emergency services for children in tribal and rural communities.
    • Targeted Issues
      Supports investigator-driven research and innovative projects that turn research into practice and contributes to the evidence base for improving pediatric health outcomes related to emergency care.
    • EMSC Data Center
      Supports EMSC grantees though monitoring, data management, performance measures, bio statistical support and analysis, and consultation to support Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network studies.
    • EMSC Innovation and Improvement Center
      Helps state pre-hospital and hospital EMS systems achieve improved health outcomes in pediatric emergency care by testing and scaling improvements.
Date Last Reviewed:  August 2019