Adolescent and Young Adult Health

Nearly 3/4 of adolescents (age 12-17) have had a well-visit check-up in the past year.

Experiences and behavioral patterns that occur in adolescents and young adults can have lasting effects on their health and well-being as adults. To improve their health and safety, our focus is on increasing access to comprehensive, coordinated health care, including substance abuse prevention and treatment services, bullying prevention, nutrition and physical activity.

What Goals Are We Trying to Accomplish?

Decrease the number of hospital admissions for non-fatal injury among adolescents age 10 through 19.

  • Reducing the burden of non-fatal injury can greatly improve the quality of life and cost savings for adolescents and their families.

Increase the number of adolescents who are physically active.

  • Physical activity in adolescents reduces the risk of early life risk factors for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, Type II diabetes, and osteoporosis.

Reduce the number of adolescents who are bullied or who bully others.

  • Emotional and behavioral problems experienced by victims, bullies, and bully-victims may continue into adulthood and produce long-term negative outcomes.

Increase the number of adolescents who have a preventive medical visit.

  • Receiving health care services, including annual preventive well visits, helps adolescents adopt or maintain healthy habits and behaviors, avoid health‐damaging behaviors, manage chronic conditions, and prevent disease.

Increase the percent of adolescents, with and without special health care needs, who receive necessary services to make transitions to all aspects of adult life, including adult health care, work, and independence.

  • Adolescents with a stable and continuous source of health care are more likely to receive appropriate preventive care and immunizations, are less likely to be hospitalized for preventable conditions, and are more likely to be diagnosed early for chronic or disabling conditions.

Increase the number of children who are adequately insured.

  • Inadequately insured adolescents are more likely to lack appropriate and timely care, be without a medical home, and be less likely to receive needed referrals and receive family-centered care.

Which Programs Help Us Accomplish Our Goals?

Title V Maternal and Child Health Block Grant: Our largest funding method—delivered to grantees in 59 states and jurisdictions—provides:

  • Access to quality care, especially for those with low-incomes or limited availability of care
  • An increase in health assessments and follow-up diagnostic and treatment services

Bright Futures exit disclaimer icon:  Through a collaborative of federal and state partners, the initiative develops curricula, training, guidance, research and guidelines; including a recommendation that adolescents have an annual checkup starting at age 11. The visit should include a physical exam, necessary immunizations, and a discussion of several health‐related topics, including healthy eating, physical activity, substance use, sexual behavior, violence, and motor vehicle safety.

Got Transition exit disclaimer icon:  As part of a cooperative agreement between MCHB and The National Alliance to Advance Adolescent Health exit disclaimer icon, efforts are made to improve transition from pediatric to adult health care through the use of new and innovative strategies for health professionals, youth and families.

Bullying Prevention: Nearly 30% of American adolescents report being the bully, the victim, or both. To increase awareness of this critical public health issue, this program actively works with stakeholders at national, state and local levels to develop research, guidance and resources that are then shared via StopBullying.gov.

Adolescent and Young Adult Health National Resource Center exit disclaimer icon: promotes the healthy development, safety and well-being of adolescents and young adults and addresses their major health issues assists states in developing strategies for improving measurable health, safety and developmental outcomes for these population groups.

Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Network (CoIIN) on School-Based Health Services: Through a cooperative agreement led by the School-Based Health Alliance exit disclaimer icon, CoIIN participants include individual School-Based Health Centers (SBHC), sponsoring organizations, and community- and state-level organizations. The goals are to:

  1. Build the capacity to document and report SBHC performance measures, and
  2. Identify best practices to increase sustainable business practices of SBHC programs.

Participants receive ongoing expert-led trainings, personalized coaching, and technical assistance to support and guide program improvement.

Date Last Reviewed:  July 2016


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